Many of the migrants have said they joined the caravan because it offered safety in numbers. The 50 or so LGBTQ migrants traveling together, most of them in their 20s but some as young as 17 or as old as 60, say they, too, banded together for safety — a sort of caravan within the caravan. Sticking out in their bright-colored clothing and makeup, the group has suffered verbal harassment, especially from men, and has been the victim of robbery and other aggressions. One recent day as they walked in a row on the highway to Isla, in the Mexican Gulf coast state of Veracruz, a group of fellow migrants passed by on a flatbed truck and showered them with water, oranges, rinds and other refuse.
Dirty, windowless and with no electricity or running water, it was nonetheless a place to have a roof over their heads and be safe. They bathed by the light of a small lantern, dressed themselves and applied makeup as dozens of men milled about outside. And they face a dilemma: Where to dress and relieve themselves?
Flotte was accompanying the migrants to provide support and information about making asylum claims. The U. However, a decision by then Attorney General Jeff Sessions this year to deny asylum to victims of domestic and gang violence could also have a negative impact on transgender women and men because many are victims of gang violence who are targeted for being transgender.
Treatment of Sexual Minorities
A similar caravan earlier this year fizzled to just about who reached the U. Much of the trek has been on foot, but hitching rides in pickup trucks, minibuses and tractor-trailers has been crucial lately, especially on days when they travel miles or more. Lady began identifying as transgender at age 5, and her father ultimately disowned her.
She was subjected to insults and beatings, her boyfriend was killed and she was warned to leave Honduras or else. Walking on the highway in a black miniskirt, red lipstick and black eyeliner, she said many men in the caravan have been harassing her and the others. In the face of the near-constant harassment, march organizers and human rights workers have sought to provide the group some security in the form of two men in green vests who travel with them and try to ward off any attacks. The penal code prohibits all sexual acts outside marriage, including consensual same-sex relations, and punishes them with flogging and up to five years in prison.
According to human rights activists, armed groups have continued to detain people because of their sexual orientation. Criminalization of consensual same-sex conduct and non-normative gender expression in Malawi contributes to an environment in which LGBT individuals in Malawi face routine violence and discrimination in almost all aspects of their lives.
The government pledged in to decriminalize same-sex conduct but has not done so. The case could lead to decriminalization of same-sex conduct but has faced significant delays. Three transgender women were killed between November and January No one has been convicted in any of the killings. The case remains pending. The sentence was carried out in a courtroom in front of witnesses, prompting global criticism. The Maldivian penal code criminalizes adult, consensual same-sex sexual conduct; the punishment can include imprisonment of up to eight years and lashes.
Extremist groups in the Maldives have used social media to harass and threaten those who promote the rights of LGBT people. Article of the penal code prohibits homosexual conduct between Muslim adults and punishes it with death for males. No one has in recent years been sentenced to death for homosexual conduct, as far as Human Rights Watch has been able to determine, and a de facto moratorium remains in effect on capital punishment. Mauritius punishes sodomy with up to five years in prison. Mexico City and 18 additional Mexican states have legalized same-sex marriage.
The UN Human Rights Council has appealed on several occasions for the government to register nongovernmental organizations that work on issues of sexual orientation and gender identity.
Homosexuality is more widely tolerated in Mozambique than in many neighboring countries, but LGBT people and activists nonetheless point to frequent discrimination at work and mistreatment by family members. The sentence is unspecified. However, these rulings are not always implemented by officials. This includes a ruling that legally recognized a third gender category based solely on self-identification. Despite the government conducting a study on equal marriage rights for same-sex couples mandated by the Supreme Court in , marriage equality has not yet been achieved.
The new criminal code, which came into force in , only recognizes marriage rights as being between a man and woman.
The Netherlands issued its first non-binary passport in October This followed a May ruling by the Limburg district court that found the Dutch law requiring people to identify as either male or female on official documents, including birth certificates, to be too restrictive. Nigerian laws, policies and political discourse continued to reinforce intolerance in same-sex relations and gender nonconformity throughout Nigerian law criminalizes same-sex conduct as well as public show of same-sex amorous relationships, same-sex marriages, and the registration of gay clubs, societies, and organizations.
In January , Lagos state police spokesperson Dolapo Badmos, through her private Instagram account, warned gay people to leave Nigeria or risk prosecution under the Same Sex Marriage Prohibition Act. In December , 47 men were put on trial for public displays of affection with members of the same sex, an offence that carries a year jail term under the law. This is the first trial in the country for offences under the Same Sex Marriage Prohibition Act , expected to last for several months. The men were among 57 arrested in a police raid on a hotel in the Egbeda district of the commercial capital, Lagos, in A Sharia Islamic law court in Kano in January fined 11 women charged under the state's Immoral Acts law for allegedly planning a same-sex wedding.
The victims were arrested in December by local religious police, known as Hisbah.
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The police subsequently told rights groups that they disavowed the statement but have yet to publicly repudiate it. Oman promulgated a new penal code in January that criminalizes non-normative gender expression. Article more closely echoes the language of the previous penal code, providing for six months to three years in prison for other sexual acts between people of the same sex if a spouse or guardian files a complaint.
In the early stages of municipal lockdowns during the Covid crisis, Pakistani officials and political leaders expressed explicit support for transgender communities. The law grants individuals the right to self-identify as male, female, or a blend of genders, and to have that identity registered on all official documents, including national identity cards, passports, driver's licenses, and education certificates.
According to the local group Trans Action, attacks against transgender women were reported in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in At least four transgender women were killed there in , and at least 57 have been killed there since In January , a transgender woman was killed in Karak, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa after being attacked on her way back from a music concert. In July , the police in Sahiwal district, Punjab found the bodies of two transgender women who had been tortured to death.
Activists claim that the police have failed to hold perpetrators of attacks on transgender women accountable. In November , following widespread protests, President Cortizo recommended that many proposed controversial constitutional amendments, including one banning marriage equality, be scrapped. The National Assembly is scheduled revisit the proposed constitutional reforms in the next legislative session in In April , transgender people experienced discrimination by police and private security guards enforcing Panama's gender-based Covid quarantine.
Gay asylum seekers on Manus Island have reported being harassed and sexually assaulted by other asylum seekers. Same-sex couples in Peru are not allowed to marry or formalize civil unions. The ruling could open the door to marriage equality in Peru. In the meantime, a bill to legalize same-sex marriage, introduced in , remained pending in Congress at time of writing. People in Peru must appear before a judge in order to revise the gender marker on their identification documents. A bill introduced in allowing people to change their gender markers without prior judicial approval remained pending in Congress at time of writing.
In April , Peru announced a gender-based quarantine in response to the Covid pandemic. There were reports of cases of discrimination against transgender people by the police and the military, despite orders given by the President of Peru and the Minister of the Interior to respect gender identity. Peru later scrapped the gendered measures, claiming they were ineffective.
In April , the Inter-American Court of Human Rights found Peru responsible for the arbitrary detention and rape of a transgender woman in a landmark case, ruling for the first time on a complaint of torture related to gender identity or sexual orientation.
The Philippine Congress failed in to pass pending legislation prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in employment, education, health care, housing, and other domains. It also has not passed legislation recognizing same-sex partnerships and extending benefits to same-sex couples. Parliamentarians continued to pursue legislation that would criminalize sex education in schools. In September , the Polish parliament passed a law with adverse effects on civil society organizations. It establishes a government-controlled body in charge of overseeing the distribution of public funds to NGOs.
In early police in Chechnya carried out a new round of arbitrary detentions, beatings, and humiliation of men they presume to be gay or bisexual. The new abuses came against a backdrop of complete impunity for the vicious large-scale anti-gay purge in spring The parents adopted the children nine and seven years ago respectively, before the law was passed.
Only one of the two men was registered as the adoptive father because in Russia same-sex couples cannot apply for adoption. At this writing, no charges have been brought against the parents. Samoa punishes sodomy with up to five years in prison.
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Saudi Arabia has no written laws concerning sexual orientation or gender identity, but judges use principles of uncodified Islamic law to sanction people suspected of committing sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery, extramarital and homosexual sex. In April , Saudi authorities arrested a Yemeni blogger and human rights activist, Mohamad al-Bokari, after he posted a video on social media calling for equal rights. In February , Saudi police arrested 35 Pakistani citizens, some of whom were transgender women.
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Her family said her body bore signs of torture, while the Saudi authorities said she had died of a heart attack. Senegal denied at its Universal Periodic Review that anyone is arrested for consensual same-sex conduct, but such arrests continue to occur. Both Belgrade and Kosovo held Pride parades in September and October respectively, which took place without major incidents. Investigations are often slow and prosecutions rare. The legal gender recognition request was the first case of its kind in Kosovo.
On March 30, , the Singapore High Court dismissed three cases seeking to strike down a colonial-era law that makes consensual gay sex a crime. There are no legal protections against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. Societal attitudes towards homosexuality appear to be moderating slightly. The survey also shows that overall opposition to marriage equality fell to 60 percent in from 74 percent in The penal code of the Solomon Islands punishes buggery and indecent practices with up to 14 years in prison.
The NAP expressly recognizes that LGBT individuals constitute a priority group given the constitutional goals of equality and non-discrimination and the need for protection against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. In September , the Equality Court in the Western Cape ruled that a transgender woman detained in a male prison, Jade September, had the right to express her gender identity while in prison.
This meant that September could express her gender identity, including choosing to wear make-up, long hair and female clothing and be addressed with female pronouns while incarcerated in an all-male prison. In June , Seoul's 20th Pride Parade saw record participation with around 70, people, but mushrooming LGBT events outside the capital still face local resistance.
In August , the 3rd Busan Queer Culture Festival was forced to cancel its rally because the local district office denied them permission for road use. Also in August, at the 2nd Incheon Queer Cultural Festival, police recruited around 3, officers to protect a few hundred people from the LGBTQ community, nongovernmental organizations, and embassies, who were surrounded by thousands of mostly Christian anti-LGBT protesters.
The event took place as planned. Following a decline in new Covid cases, in May , the South Korean government permitted bars to reopen. In the following days dozens of Covid cases appeared, which some media reported that linked to gay clubs, setting up a firestorm of online harassment and intimidation targeting LGBT people.
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