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Simbayi LC 3. Affiliations 1 author 1. Share this article Share with email Share with twitter Share with linkedin Share with facebook. Free full text. Published online Apr 8. PMID: Meredith G. Simbayi 2, 3. Leickness C. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.
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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Go to:. Objectives: This mini-review explores the current state of empirical research on HIV risk and MSM, women who have sex with women WSW , lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT populations in South Africa in order to assess the current state of research and identify gaps in the literature. Baral et al. Burrell et al.
Bisexual activity was reported by Rispel et al. Lane et al. Open in a separate window. Online, recruited via emails through South African dating site Survey online Participants who experienced childhood sexual assault were more likely to report dissociation and depression, drug use, drug use before sex, one-night stands, and recent abusive relationship. Imrie et al. Prospective cohort study Survey x4 3.
Eaton et al. Jobson et al. Arnold et al. Dunkle et al. Sandfort et al. Factors that increase risk of UAI included: regular drinking, regular drinking to intoxication, and reporting symptoms of rectal trauma resulting from anal intercourse. High levels of testing were reported Jewkes et al. Stephenson et al. Wagenaar, et al. Tun et al. Knox et al. Social vulnerability being black, living in a township, and lacking HIV knowledge reduced likelihood of testing. Low income and internalized homophobia reduced recent testing. Nel et al. Most frequent reason for not testing was the perception of not being at risk Targeted health programs for MSM were limited.
Tucker et al. Vu et al. Low levels of education, high levels of HIV misinformation, bisexuality, and HIV-related conspiracy beliefs predicted internalized homophobia. Cloete et al. No differences were found between MSM and men who have sex with women only. Parry et al. Approximately Transactional sex was reported by nearly 1 in 5 WSW.
Experience of rape was reported by nearly 1 in 3 women. Matebeni et al. Barriers to health services were identified providers uninformed, negative attitudes. The misconception that lesbians are safe from HIV was a common belief. Safer sex barriers dental dams, finger condoms, gloves were not freely available. Miller et al.
Shisana O. Department of Health. Republic of South Africa.
Civil Union Act, 17 of Government Gazette. Act of , Pub. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, Act of Graziano K. Reflections from university students in a South African gay and lesbian society. Oppression and resiliency in a post-apartheid South Africa: unheard voices of Black gay men and lesbians. Ethnic Minor. Coming out on a South African university campus: Adaptations of gay men and lesbians. Mkhize N. The country we want to live in: Hate crimes and homophobia in the lives of black lesbian South Africans. Wade A. HIV infection and sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men in Senegal.
Rawstorne P. Associations between crystal methamphetamine use and potentially unsafe sexual activity among gay men in Australia. Beyrer C. Baral S. Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
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Lancet Infect. McIntyre J. The need for HIV prevention interventions for men who have sex with men in Africa. Sallar A. Homosexuality and HIV in Africa: An essay on using entertainment education as a vehicle for stigma reduction.
Lane T. They see you as a different thing: the experiences of men who have sex with men with healthcare workers in South African township communities. Johnson CA. Off the map. Parker R. Conspicuous by their absence? Public Health. Alcohol and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men in South African township communities. AIDS Behav. Rispel L. HIV prevalence and risk practices among men who have sex with men in two South African cities. Immune Defic. Elevated risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries a systematic review.
PLoS Med. Sanders E. HIV-1 infection in high risk men who have sex with men in Mombasa, Kenya. Gueboguo C. Editions L'Harmattan; Sandfort T. Smith A. Makofane K. Cloete A. Price M. Identifying at-risk populations in Kenya and South Africa: HIV incidence in cohorts of men who report sex with men, sex workers, and youth.
Dunkle K. Prevalence of consensual male-male sex and sexual violence, and associations with HIV in South Africa: a population based cross-sectional study. Imrie J. The greatest taboo: Homosexuality in Black communities. Hearing voices: Unearthing evidence of homosexuality in precolonial Africa. Lillah-Chiki R. Grundlingh L. Epprecht M. Stein J. AIDS Bulletin. Isaacs G, Miller D. South African Med. McKenna N. On the margins: men who have sex with men and HIV in the developing world.
London: Panos Institute; Formby E. Health Sex. Power J. Richardson D. The social construction of immunity: HIV risk perception and prevention among lesbians and bisexual women.
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