It is generally thought to have been founded at the beginning of the 3rd century BC, during the reign of Ptolemy II of Egypt. It has been reasonably established that the library, or parts of the collection, were destroyed by fire on a number of occasions library fires were common and replacement of handwritten manuscripts was very difficult, expensive, and time-consuming.
To this day the details of the destruction or destructions remain a lively source of controversy. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina was inaugurated in , near the site of the old Library.
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Throughout Alexandria, there is art that resembles some of the oldest architectural styles of the Hellenic city, and its ancient decorations, especially in the Bibliotheca Alexandrina , is based on reviving the ancient Library of Alexandria. The Kom el shoqafa Catacombs are considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages and date back to the 2nd century.
The remnants of Pompey's Pillar still remain today. This single pillar represents the elaborate temple which once stood in Alexandria. It remains at the site of the Serapeum, Alexandria's acropolis. The Serapeum, which stood for ancient tradition, conflicted with the rise of Christianity. It is a large tourist destination, today. Here, there remains a stage with around seven hundred to eight hundred seats.
They also have numerous galleries of statues and details leftover form this time. Alexandria's tourism office announced plans to reserve some beaches for tourists in July The main sport that interests Alexandrians is football, as is the case in the rest of Egypt and Africa. Alexandria Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Alexandria, Egypt.
It is currently used mostly for football matches, and was used for the African Cup of Nations. The stadium is the oldest stadium in Egypt, being built in The stadium holds 20, people. Alexandria was one of three cities that participated in hosting the African Cup of Nations in January , which Egypt won. Sea sports such as surfing , jet-skiing and water polo are practiced on a lower scale.
The Skateboarding culture in Egypt started in this city. The city is also home to the Alexandria Sporting Club , which is especially known for its basketball team, which traditionally provides the country's national team with key players. The city hosted the AfroBasket , the continent's most prestigious basketball tournament, on four occasions , , , Other less popular sports like tennis and squash are usually played in private social and sports clubs , like:. Started in , Cross Egypt Challenge is an international cross-country motorcycle and scooter rally conducted throughout the most difficult tracks and roads of Egypt.
Alexandria is known as the yearly starting point of Cross Egypt Challenge and a huge celebration is conducted the night before the rally starts after all the international participants arrive to the city. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Egypt. For other uses, see Alexandria disambiguation. Metropolis in Egypt. Mediterranean 's Bride , Pearl of the Mediterranean , Aleks.
October . Main articles: History of Alexandria and Timeline of Alexandria.
Places of worship in Alexandria. El-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque. Latin Catholic church of Saint Catherine in Mansheya. Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue. See also: List of mosques in Alexandria. See also: History of the Jews in Egypt.
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This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. July Main article: Alexandria Port. Main article: Trams in Alexandria. Play media. The Alexandria National Museum. Alexandria Opera House. Alexander the Great 's statue.
Montaza Palace. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Egypt. Archived from the original on 12 February Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 27 October Leipzig: J. Hinrichs'schen Buchhandlungen. Collins Dictionary. Archived from the original on 11 June Retrieved 24 September Arab Academy.
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Retrieved 19 May Alexandria 2. Alexandria: City of Memory. Yale University Press. Foreign Policy.
Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 5 March Geophysical Research Letters. One effect of the newly created Hellenistic kingdoms was the imposition of Greek cities occupied by Greeks on an alien landscape. In Egypt, there was a native Egyptian population with its own culture, history, and traditions. The Greeks who came to Egypt, to the court or to live in Alexandria, were separated from their original cultures.
Alexandria was the main Greek city of Egypt and within it there was an extraordinary mix of Greeks from many cities and backgrounds. The Ptolemaic emphasis on Greek culture establishes the Greeks of Egypt with an identity for themselves. The more Greeks can indulge in their own culture, the more they can exclude non-Greeks, in other words Egyptians, the subjects whose land has been taken over. The assertion of Greek culture serves to enforce Egyptian subjection. So the presence in Alexandria of two institutions devoted to the preservation and study of Greek culture acts as a powerful symbol of Egyptian exclusion and subjection.
Texts from other cultures could be kept in the library, but only once they had been translated, that is to say Hellenized. It is no coincidence that one of the few poetic references to Egyptians presents them as muggers. Transactions of the American Philological Association. In Petry, Carl F. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Leiden and Boston: Brill.
Archived from the original on 24 May Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 13 November Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 5 January Translated by Lee, Samuel. New York: Cosimo. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
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Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 30 November Archived from the original on 29 May Retrieved 1 December Climate Charts. Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 20 June Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 12 October Archived from the original on 15 June Retrieved 12 March Voodoo Skies. Archived from the original on 5 September Retrieved 3 August Archived from the original on 10 February Retrieved 21 August Hong Kong Observatory.
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